Tiers – Djarum Indonesia Super League, Divisi Utama Liga Indonesia and Divisi Satu Liga Indonesia
Cup Competitions – Piala Indonesia and Super Piala Indonesia
Having a somewhat confusing looking league structure, Indonesia can look a bewildering place to manage in. However it does have one huge bonus for the player looking for something a bit quicker than the 50+ game marathon that can be encountered in Europe. The season in Indonesia (in the First Division at least) can be as short as 22 games long and with just one cup for distraction you won’t spend ages getting knocked out of cups either. The season runs from August to May.
Djarum Indonesia Super League
The top division in Indonesia is made up of 18 teams. The winner qualifies for the AFC Champions League. The runner-up also qualifies if the league winner also wins the Piala Indonesia. Every two years the winner qualifies for the ASEAN Club Championship (a South East Asia club competition). The bottom four teams are relegated to Divisi Utama Liga Indonesia. Teams play each other twice. There is a limit of 5 foreign players per squad.
Divisi Utama Liga Indonesia
The second tier of Indonesian football is split into three (I believe regional) divisions of 13 sides. The top two sides in each division qualify for the Second Phase. The two best third placed sides also qualify for the Second Phase. The bottom two sides in each divsion are relegated into Divisi Satu Liga Indonesia whilst the third lowest placed sides in each division enter a relegation play-off. The teams in the Second Phase are split into two groups of four and play each other once. The groups are not seeded. The top team in each group qualify for the Final to determine the league winners. The second placed teams in each group play a Third-Place play-off match against each other. All the teams in the Final or Third Place match are promoted to Djarum Indonesia Super League. The three teams in the relegation play-offs play each other once with the side finishing top of the group staying in the divsion, the bottom two are relegated to Divisi Satu Liga Indonesia. There is a limit of 3 foreign players per squad.
Divisi Satu Liga Indonesia
The third tier of Indonesian football is split into four (I believe regional) divisions of 12 sides. The top two sides in each division qualify for the Second Phase. The bottom two sides in each divsion are relegated to the ‘unplayable’ leagues. The teams in the Second Phase are split into two groups of four and play each other once. The first place sides in each divsion are seeded so there are two first place sides and two second place sides in each group. The seeded sides have two home games, the non-seeded one home game. Teams from the same division are drawn in the same Second Phase group. The top team in each group qualify for the Final to determine the league winners. The second placed teams in each group play a Third-Place play-off match against each other. All 8 sides in the Second Phase are promoted to Divisi Utama Liga Indonesia. No foreign players are allowed in this division.
The Piala Indonesia runs over seven rounds from December to May. Each round up to and including the semi-final is contested over two legs. All teams enter in the first round. The away goal rule is used to settle ties if scores are level after 90 minutes of the second leg, if both legs end in the same score the game goes to extra time. Should both teams score in extra time then the team with the more away goals win. If the teams cannot be separated after extra time a penalty shoot-out is used to decide the progressing team. The winner qualifies for the AFC Champions League. There is a limit of 5 foreign players per squad.
Super Piala Indonesia
The Super Piala Indonesia is similar to the Community Shield, with the previous season cup winners taking on the previous seasons league winners in a one-off match. If a side wins both the league and cup the trophy is not contested the following season. There is a limit of 5 foreign players per squad.
In all competitions match day squads allow for seven substitutes to be named of which three may be used. The league has two windows for squad registration, the first running from the June to October and the second being from mid January to mid February. Players cannot be registered outside of these dates and only registered players can play in the league. A maximum on 99 players can be registered. There are also two transfer windows which run at the same time as the two registration windows.
Ties for points are sorted by goal difference and then if that is tied, goals scored.
Disciplinary rules are quite strict with a one match ban for every two yellow cards accumulated and a three match ban for every red card. Cards and bans accumulated in Cup matches apply only to other Cup matches
Author: Ben O’Bagels, updated by bazhsw